At the heart of an e-cigarette is a rechargeable battery that powers the device. This battery sends electricity to an atomizer heating element responsible for vaporizing the liquid solution in the cartridge or tank. When activated by inhaling or pressing a button, the atomizer quickly heats up and turns the liquid into an inhalable vapor.
The liquid solution, commonly referred to as e-liquid or vape juice, typically consists of propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), flavorings, and nicotine (although some users opt for nicotine-free options). PG and VG act as carriers for flavors and create visible vapor when heated. Users can choose from flavors such as fruit, dessert, menthol, and tobacco.
To further enhance their vaping experience, some advanced e-cigarettes allow users to control wattage or voltage settings. This customization will enable vapers to adjust their preferred heat and vapor production levels.
Electronic cigarettes provide smokers with an alternative way of consuming nicotine without many of the harmful chemicals found in traditional tobacco smoke. While more research is needed on long-term effects, many individuals have successfully used e-cigarettes as aids in smoking cessation efforts.